A brass band or brass band is a term that refers to an orchestra or band composed of brass instruments, percussion instruments and percussion instruments playing brass music.
The first brass orchestras were formed at the beginning of the 19th century and were military brass music. Gradually, brass music became more interesting and semi-professional and amateur fire and mining brass music began to emerge. The oldest brass band in Slovakia is the Brass Band of Železiarne Podbrezová, which was founded in 1838.
The term brass band is very diverse. It includes small brass bands (up to 15 musicians), usually known as brass band, medium brass bands (18-30 musicians), large bands (more than 30 musicians), symphonic brass bands and professional military music.
The repertoire of brass music consists of various compositions ranging from marches, hymns, dance and concert compositions to compositions for solo instrument or singing and solemn foreplay, operetta works and arrangements of symphonic and other compositions.
The brass band has a long tradition in Slovakia, Bohemia, Moravia, Austria, Germany and Hungary. The orchestras perform at various social events, processions, memorial acts and mourning ceremonies.
Every year (not only) various festivals and competition tours for wind orchestras take place in Europe. In Slovakia, it is the best-known competition tour of Pádive Trenčín, which takes place every two years in Trenčín and bears the name of the Slovak brass band, a patron of Karol Pádivý.
Brass Music in Slovakia – Diploma thesis